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In Maryland, the State's role in workers' compensation began in 1902 when the Employer and Employee Cooperative Fund was established under the State Insurance Commissioner (Chapter 139, Acts of 1902). Thereafter, the State Workers' Compensation Commission organized as the State Industrial Accident Commission in 1914 (Chapter 800, Acts of 1914). In 1957, it was renamed the Workmen's Compensation Commission (Chapter 584, Acts of 1957) and, as of January 1, 1986, the Workers' Compensation Commission. By enactment of the new Labor and Employment Article of the Annotated Code of Maryland, the Commission became the State Workers' Compensation Commission in 1991 (Chapter 8, Acts of 1991).

The Commission administers the Workers' Compensation Law and adjudicates claims for compensation arising under the law (Code Labor and Employment Article, secs. 9-301 through 9-316). Reports of accidents are received and processed by the Commission which hears contested cases throughout the State. Claimants requiring rehabilitation are referred by the Commission to appropriate rehabilitation service providers.

Appointed by the Governor with Senate advice and consent, the Commission's ten members serve twelve-year terms. The Governor names the chair (Code Labor and Employment Article, secs. 9-101 through 9-1201).

Work of the Commission is carried on by nine divisions: Claims; Court Reporting; Fiscal Services; Hearings; Information Technology; Insurance, Compliance and Reporting; Personnel; Processing; and Support Services. The Commission also is aided by the Advisory Committee on the Registration of Rehabilitation Practitioners.

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 Maryland Manual On-Line, 2009

July 1, 2009   
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