Maryland Manual On-Line

SENATE

STANDING COMMITTEES

EDUCATION, HEALTH & ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS COMMITTEE

ORIGIN & FUNCTIONS


The Education, Health and Environmental Affairs Committee was formerly the Economic and Environmental Affairs Committee. It adopted its present name effective April 10, 2001 (Senate Rules 18(a)(1)).

Because the concerns of the Education, Health and Environmental Affairs Committee cover a broad range of legislation, the Committee's origins trace to many earlier committees. Among these were standing committees concerned with agriculture, education, natural resources, and economic affairs.

The Standing Committee on Agriculture and Manufactors was created in March of 1839 and by December of that year renamed the Standing Committee on Agriculture. In 1880, it was reorganized as the Standing Committee on Agriculture and Labor. The Committee was renamed the Standing Committee on Agriculture in 1945. Its responsibilities later would devolve on the Economic and Environmental Affairs Committee.

In 1900, the Standing Committee on Fish and Game was formed and continued until 1943. Concerns of that committee were assumed in 1945 by the Standing Committee on Natural Resources. In 1951, the Standing Committee on Agriculture and the Standing Committee on Natural Resources merged to become the Agricultural and Natural Resources Committee. Responsibilities of the Committee were reassigned in 1967 to the newly formed Economic Affairs Committee from which the Economic and Environmental Affairs Committee was created in 1984.

Duties of other earlier committees were assumed by the Economic and Environmental Affairs Committee. Among these were the Standing Committee on Education (1856-1966) and the Standing Committee on Chesapeake Bay and its Tributaries (1860-1966). Responsibilities of both Committees fell to the Economic Affairs Committee in 1967 and were assigned to the Economic and Environmental Affairs Committee in 1984.

Today, the Education, Health and Environmental Affairs Committee reviews legislation relating to agriculture and land preservation; alcoholic beverages; licensing and regulation of businesses and labor, including business, health and related occupations and professions; education policy; elections; energy; environment; ethics; fire prevention; local government; natural resources; procurement; State government organization, procedures, and administrative law; and veterans affairs. Eleven senators serve on this committee.

Under the Economic and Environmental Affairs Committee are six subcommittees: Alcoholic Beverages; Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC): Education; Environment; Ethics and Election Law; and Health.

ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES SUBCOMMITTEE
In January 2003, the Alcoholic Beverages Subcommittee was formed.

BASE REALIGNMENT & CLOSURE (BRAC) SUBCOMMITTEE
The Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Subcommittee organized in 2007.

EDUCATION SUBCOMMITTEE
By 1988, the Education Subcommittee reviewed legislation.

ENVIRONMENT SUBCOMMITTEE
The Environment Subcommittee functioned by 1988.

ETHICS & ELECTION LAW SUBCOMMITTEE
The Ethics and Election Law Subcommittee was created in January 2003.

HEALTH SUBCOMMITTEE
The Health Subcommittee considered bills by 1988.

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 Maryland Manual On-Line, 2009

July 1, 2009   
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