In 2008, Maryland students ranked first in the nation on Advanced Placement (AP) Exams. The standard is based on the percentage of students taking the AP exam, as well as the percentage of those students who score a 3 or higher, out of 5. Some 23.4% of the 2008 graduating class took and passed at least one content exam. This is compared to the nationwide average of 15%. In Maryland, the best performance came from Montgomery County, with 61% of the graduating class taking the exam, and 46% passing.
Paul Laurence Dunbar Middle School, 500 North Caroline St., Baltimore, Maryland, April 2008. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.
The Maryland school year is a minimum 180 days long. Schools are open for a ten-month period, from about Labor Day to mid-June. Opening and closing dates vary from county to county. Kindergarten is mandatory for children who are five years of age by September 1. The State also requires that children, ages 5 to 16, attend school. Elementary and middle school students attend school at least 6 hours a day, high school students 6.5 hours a day. Students may attend school up to age 21.
Prettyboy Elementary School, 19810 Middletown Road, Freeland (Baltimore County), Maryland, July 2006. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.
Margaret Brent Elementary School, 100 East 26th St., Baltimore, Maryland, April 2007. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.
Brooklyn Park Middle School, 200 Hammonds Lane, Brooklyn Park (Anne Arundel County), Maryland, January 2004. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.
Special Public School Programs. These cover prekindergarten for four-year olds; and career and technology education, including consumer and homemaking classes. Gifted and talented programs also are offered by the State, on a tuition basis, at summer centers for students who qualify academically, meet geographical distribution requirements, and are able to pay the cost.
Special education services for students with disabilities range from aid for part or all of a school day to specialized services for homebound students or those in separate facilities or hospitals. Within the State Department of Education, the Division of Special Education and Early Intervention Services administers both State and federal programs for special education.
July 1, 2009
Note: In this past edition of Maryland Manual, some links are to external sites. View the current Manual