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MARYLAND AT A GLANCE

HISTORICAL CHRONOLOGY


[photo, Frederick Douglass statue, Holmes Hall, Morgan State University, Baltimore, Maryland]
  • 10,000 B.C. - 1599
  • 1600 - 1699
  • 1700 - 1799
  • 1800 - 1899
  • 1900 - 1999
  • 2000 -
  • Frederick Douglass (1817-1895) statue (1956), by James E. Lewis, Holmes Hall, Morgan State University, Baltimore, Maryland, August 2003. Photo by Diane F. Evartt.

    Douglass was born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey in Talbot County on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, February 1817. Although a slave, he escaped north and became an abolitionist and champion of universal suffrage.


    c. 10,000 B.C. First humans arrived by this date in the land that would become Maryland.

    c. 1,500 B.C. Oysters became an important food resource.

    c. 1,000 B.C. Native-American introduction of pottery.

    c. 800 A.D. Native-American introduction of domesticated plants; bow and arrow came into use.

    c. 1200. Permanent Native-American villages established.

    1498. John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) sailed along Eastern Shore off present-day Worcester County.*

    *The Juan de la Cosa map of the world (1500) indicates that Cabot, the only explorer sailing the North American coast at that time under the British flag, may have coasted as far south as Cape Hatteras.

    1524. Giovanni da Verrazano passed mouth of Chesapeake Bay.

    1572. Pedro Menendez de Aviles, Spanish governor of Florida, explored Chesapeake Bay.

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     Maryland Manual On-Line, 2009

    July 1, 2009   
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